Biennial 2013

The 30th Biennial of Graphic Arts: INTERRUPTION

14 September–24 November 2013

Interruption is the 30th edition of the Ljubljana Biennial of Graphic Arts. This installation considers the evolutionary graphic field of contemporary times. Printerly processes touch many types of present-day art. Select, traditional media have evolved and adapted to maintain their relevance, while digital processes, after a long fermentation, have finally taken legitimate hold as artistic tools in their own right. Interruption surveys the extension of traditional as well as new approaches to printmaking in response to our 21st-century communications.
The works included in the Biennial echo and comment on the conditions of the world in which we live: how we receive our information, how we interact – or attempt to – with each other, how we (mis)perceive our world. Clamouring, unfiltered data bombards us. Masquerading commercial and political agendas vie for our attention alongside personal thoughts and images that are more than we can ever possibly absorb. The hyperactivity of text and image begs for our attention. While some artists respond by returning to basic, even primal, forms of image reproduction (fire, shadows, tattoos, gunshots), others embrace the randomness of social media picture boards, the ghostliness of heat-sensitive live-feed video, endless streams of leaked governmental documents, or the brief haikus of the Twittersphere.
Interruption considers both the fresh application of traditional means by leading-edge artists and the innovative incorporation of new printerly technologies in fine-art investigations. Both approaches contemplate our contemporary transmissions as the basis of their works. Interruption explores the graphic as both form and content, in an invigorated polygraphic terrain that links the work of diverse contemporary artists from around the world.

Curated by Deborah Cullen, PhD.

Participating artists: Allora & Calzadilla, Burak Arıkan, Dennis Ashbaugh & William Ford Gibson, Tammam Azzam, Xu Bing, Luis Camnitzer, caraballo-farman, Alex Cerveny, Mario Čaušić, Vuk Ćosić, Milos Djordjevic, Tomás Espina, Giorgi Gago Gagoshidze & Gianluigi Scarpa, Mihael Giba, Ana Golici, María Elena González, Meta Grgurevič and Urša Vidic, Dragan IIic, Sanela Jahić, Charles Juhász-Alvarado, Thomas Kilpper, André Komatsu, Gorazd Krnc, Volodymyr Kuznetsov, Nicola López, Ivan Marušić Klif, Yucef Merhi, Ottjörg A.C., Renata Papišta, Adam Pendleton, Agnieszka Polska, Zoran Poposki, Marjetica Potrč, Gerhard Richter, Venelin Shurelov, Dario Šolman, Nika Špan, Teo Spiller, Waltraut Tänzler, Rirkrit Tiravanija, Vargas-Suarez Universal, Tomas Vu-Daniel

Deborah Cullen, PhD is Director & Chief Curator of the Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Art Gallery at Columbia University in the City of New York. She served as Chief Curator for El Panal/The Hive: 3ra Trienal Poligráfica de San Juan: América Latina y el Caribe, Puerto Rico (2012). Previously, she was Director of Curatorial Programs at El Museo del Barrio, New York, where she was an editor for the 500-page anthology, Caribbean: Art at the Crossroads of the World (El Museo del Barrio and Yale University Press, 2012). Other exhibitions include Nexus New York: Latin/American Artists in the Modern Metropolis (2009) and the internationally traveling project, Arte no es Vida: Actions by Artists of the Americas, 1960-2000 (2008-2011) for which she received an Emily Hall Tremaine Exhibition Award. She curated Retro/Active: The Work of Rafael Ferrer (2010), and authored the monograph Rafael Ferrer (UCLA, 2012). Cullen wrote her dissertation on the Jamaican-American master printer Robert Blackburn, who founded The Printmaking Workshop in New York in 1948. She was curator of the Printmaking Workshop Print Collection from 1993-1996, and arranged the acquisition of 2500 works from these holdings by the Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Venues: International Centre of  Graphic Arts, Museum of Modern Art, Jakopič Promenade

André Komatsu, Construcao de Valores (Construction of Values), 2012, installation with A4 photocopies and industrial fans, (variable dimensions). Courtesy the artist.

Tammam Azzam, Freedom Graffiti: Gustav Klimt’s The Kiss, 2013, From the 'Syrian Museum' series, Limited Edition Archival Digital Print on Cotton Paper, (112 x 112 cm), Edition of 25 + 2 AP, The Samawi Collection. Courtesy Ayyam Gallery, Dubai.


opening 7 August
7 August–24 November 2013

The site-specific commission by artist Charles Juhász-Alvarado is part of the main exhibition of the 30th Biennial of Graphic Arts, Interruption. Juhász-Alvarado addresses passers-by on the Jakopič Promenade with 118 photographs on billboards. Flanking the benches, the images mirror or rhyme to act as a choir. Working with Karen Albors, whose parents are both hearing-impaired, he created a visual sequence that unfolds as viewers walk up or down the esplanade. The artist’s sister, Emeshe Juhász-Mininberg, a writer and translator (working in Spanish and English), collaborated on the ‘lyrics’ related to each image that build the ‘song’. These allude to the images but also weave a cadence to accompany viewers on the path. The Slovene version and design by Mina Fina are yet another partnership, emphasising the counterpoint of languages while foregrounding translation, chance, and exchange. The project depends on universal commonalities to elicit emotional understanding.

Entre Manos (From Hand to Hand): Cipher, Knot, Nebula, 2013, 118 digital photographs for public poster commission, Jakopič Promenade, Tivoli Park, Ljubljana, 185 x 125 cm each. Courtesy of the artist.

The Awards of the 30th Biennial of Graphic Arts

The jury – composed of Tevž Logar (president), Chema de Francisco, Sally Tallant and Dusica Kirjakovic – has unanimously presented the award of the 30th Biennial of Graphic Arts  -

Grand Prize of the 30th Biennial of Graphic Arts to María Elena González
Special Mention to Meta Grgurevič and Urša Vidic.


Grand Prize of the 30th Biennial of Graphic Arts:

María Elena González
Born 1957, Havana, Cuba. Lives and works in New York and Basel, Switzerland.

For artwork:
Tree Talk Series
Skowhegan Birch #1, 2012
Untitled, 2012
Birch Rubbing #3, 2012

Exhibited at the International Centre of Graphic Arts / Mednarodni grafični likovni center.

Special Mention:

Meta Grgurevič and Urša Vidic

Meta Grgurevič, born 1979, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Urša Vidic, born 1978, Kranj, Slovenia. Both live and work in Ljubljana; a collaborative team since 2009.

For artwork:
Galanterie Mécanique [Mechanical Galanterie], 2013

Exhibited at the International Centre of Graphic Arts / Mednarodni grafični likovni center.


Accompanying Exhibitions at the 30th Biennial of Graphic Arts

The Biennial of Graphic Arts – Serving You Since 1955

The exhibition presents the history of the Ljubljana Biennial of Graphic Arts from its beginnings in 1955 to the present. The exhibition features archival television footage, personal testimonies and memoirs, letters and other documents that reveal the Biennial’s journey through nearly six decades, with a focus on selected aspects from past exhibitions. 
Curated by Petja Grafenauer, PhD.

Venue: Cankarjev Dom Gallery

A view of the 1st International Exhibition of Graphic Arts, at the Moderna galerija in Ljubljana, 1955. Moderna galerija archive.


Regina José Galindo: The Anatomy Lesson

Exhibition of the Grand Prize Winner of the 29th Biennial of Graphic Arts
The Guatemalan artist Regina José Galindo works in the field of performance, often responding in her art to current socio-political situations, as we saw presented at the 29th Biennial of Graphic Arts. This year’s retrospective exhibition at the Jakopič Gallery takes us on a journey through the poetics of the artist’s oeuvre.
Curated by Yasmín Martín Vodopivec, mag.
Venue: Jakopič Gallery − Museum and Galleries of Ljubljana (MGML)

Miklós Erdély: The Original and the Copy + Indigo Drawings
On the occasion that the project Unguarded Money organized by Miklós Erdély in 1956 presented at the 29th Biennial of Graphic Arts was awarded by the jury with “honorary mention”.
Miklós Erdély (1928–1986) – artist, architect, writer, poet, and filmmaker – was a major figure in the neo-avant-garde and conceptual art of Hungary. The present exhibition of Erdély’s photo-graphic works, indigo works and drawings has been organised with the co-operation of the Miklós Erdély Foundation (EMA).
Curated by Annamária Szőke.
Venue: Museum of Contemporary Art Metelkova (MSUM)

Accompanying exhibitions

Joan Miro´s Printmaking Workshops, Kresija Gallery, 14 September-24 November 2013

A Tribute to the Biennial: Prints from the MGLC Collection, Lek gallery, 10 September- 4 October 2013

Robert Morris from the MGLC Collection, Pentagonal Tower, Ljubljana Caste, 16 September-3 November 2013

What happened, Temporary exhibition, Vošnjakova 4, 17 October-24 November 2013

The 30th jubilee edition of the Biennial of Graphic Arts presents Slovenia’s artists also outside the country’s national borders.

Impressions +386, Calcografia National, Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid

3 October-17 November 2013

The exhibition, which was envisaged by curator Breda Škrjanec for the Calcografío Nacional in Madrid, is based on the conceptual framework of the expanded notion of the printmaking medium. This provides a dynamic overview of art produced by the middle generation of contemporary Slovenian artists, which includes Vesna Drnovšek, Svetlana Jakimovska Rodić, Tanja Lazetić, Marija Mojca Pungerčar, Sašo Sedlaček, Tomaž Tomažin, as well as two art groups, Pri Zlatem stegnu (The Golden Thigh – Katja Skušek, Nataša Skušek, Mladen Stropnik) and Stripburger. The artworks in the exhibition share a freshness and effortlessness in their selection of medium and current involvement in the universal, individual as well as social situations and dilemmas, touching upon the identity and intimacy of the artist on the one hand, and ecology, social inequality and the dictatorship of the media, on the other. This is why the exhibition easily establishes a dialogue with any curious viewer.

The Impressions +386 exhibition is the fruit of the longstanding cooperation between the International Centre of Graphic Arts, the Hablar en Arte organization, and the Calcografíe Nacional, Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in Madrid. With their representative works, established contemporary Slovenian artists present the latest Slovenian production in the field of printmaking, print and art publications, firmly defending their artistic positions and explorations in the graphic medium. The need to redefine printmaking and other reproducible arts keeps the debate alive on the new processes for generating images that coexist with those more traditional, expanding the boundaries of the graphic arts. Although the power of tradition can sometimes still be discerned in the exploration of formal visual elements, the subject matter is mostly concerned with making a commentary on personal experience through universal images translated into visual language. The principles of the creative process are therefore similar, the contents, however, differ substantially given the fact that they embody the original voice of each individual artist.

Photo: MGLC Archive


The catalogue includes a foreword by Nevenka Šivavec, an introductory text by Juan Bordes, text by editor Breda Škrjanec as well as a presentation of the participating artists and their biographies and projects. The catalogue is in the English and Spanish language.

Also at the 30th Biennial of Graphic Arts: EU project
Developed with the support of the Culture Programme of the European Union

Leisure, Discipline and Punishment
A collaborative project involving four biennials: The Biennial of Moving Image/Contour Mechelen (Belgium); GIBCA – The Göteborg International Biennial for Contemporary Art (Sweden); The Liverpool Biennial – The UK Biennial of Contemporary Art (United Kingdom); The Biennial of Graphic Arts Ljubljana (Slovenia).
New commissioned works by Petra Bauer, Sonia Boyce, Keren Cytter, Louise Hervé & Chloé Maillet, Agnieszka Polska, Marinella Senatore, Dario Šolman, Peter Wächtler.
Eight artworks in four different types of locations: business, social, spiritual and recreational.
Artists works on themes such as discipline and dissipation, success and failure, guilt and punishment, in response to the meaning of the given location, adding layers, both in content and form, to express its special character.

Accompanying exhibitions of the 30th Biennial of Graphic Arts: Interruption:


The publication presents the works of this year’s exhibiting artists with full-colour images, situated within a framework focused on the Biennial’s theme of the impact and influence of both traditional and new graphic media within the local and international context. This installation considers the evolutionary graphic field of contemporary times. Essays discuss the Biennial’s curatorial focus and other related topics. Dr Deborah Cullen, Curator of the Biennial, introduces this year’s edition, whilst writer and curator Petja Grafenauer covers the Biennial’s 60-year history. These are followed by texts devoted to the winners of the Grand Prize and the Honorary Award of the previous edition of the Biennial: Regina José Galindo and Miklós Erdély. The catalogue is co-published by Black Dog Publishing in UK and MGLC Slovenia. The catalogue has 235 pages, the price is 19 EUR.


Programme booklet:



This is an opportunity to actively share your joy of art and printmaking, get involved with the Ljubljana Biennial of Graphic Arts, and become a part of the mission of the International Centre of Graphic Arts.



- Free admission to the 30th Biennial of Graphic Arts and all the exhibitions at MGLC up till 31 December 2014

- Invites to the openings and all events at MGLC

- Booklet with the annual programme

- Guided tours of the exhibitions at MGLC

- 15% discount on all MGLC publications

- 15% discount on all workshops and courses

- Christmas card in the form of an original fine art print

- New Year social gathering


A welcome gift when signing up.

15-month membership fee: 25 EUR

15-month membership for those aged 60 years or more, 14 years or less, pupils and students: 15 EUR

All prices include 22% VAT.

An additional activity for those aged 60 years or more:

As part of the Friends of the Biennial Club, we will be developing the special programme Meeting with the Past of the International Centre of Graphic Arts and Tivoli Mansion. We would like to invite any senior ladies and gentlemen from Ljubljana to explore the oral, written and pictorial sources that will contribute to revealing interesting and not yet fully discovered fragments of the history of Tivoli Mansion and its environs. This will be followed by a public presentation. Activities will begin in 2014.

Contact person: Lili Šturm, Senior Custodian, t: +386 (0)1 2413 818, e:


The organizer and producer of the Biennial of Graphic Arts is the International Centre of Graphic Arts (MGLC), which was established on the foundations of the Biennial to serve its needs and has the status of a specialized museum and producer of printed and contemporary art.

The director of the International Centre of Graphic Arts is Nevenka Šivavec.

The 30th Biennial of Graphic Arts is supported by:
Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Slovenia, Municipality of Ljubljana
Lek, a Sandoz company, main sponsor
Sponsors: Adriatic Slovenica, Marand, RTV Slovenija, Radio Študent, Media Bus, Tam - Tam
Supported by: Embassy of Hungary, Embassy of the United States of America, Embassy of the Federative Republic of Brazil, Embassy of the Kingdom of Spain, Embassy of the Republic of Turkey, Ljubljana Tourism, European Commission



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You are invited to view the film "Am I a manager? Yes, I am."

Živa Škodlar Vujić, a long-time curator of the Ljubljana Biennial of Graphic Arts, and Mitja Rotovnik, the first director of Cankarjev dom, who professionally and personally followed the efforts of his friend Zoran Kržišnik, shared their views and memories in a short documentary about the international involvement of the Slovenian art scene. Their account takes us through the extremely dynamic period of the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, when Ljubljana became a cosmopolitan cultural centre. These events are illuminated from a cultural and historical perspective by Aleš Gabrič, who talks in the film about, among other things, the development of the managerial mentality in Slovenia and the importance of international cultural events, which distinguish cultural goings-on in Slovenia to this day.

From the MGLC Collection

Jo-ey Tang, The Manual
(Morava Books 14, 2012)
Collection of Art Publications

An FBI manual becomes a book of poetry, together with original microscopic and infrared images. The sculpted text is a meditation of surface and the infinitesimal space above and beneath the surface in the search for evidence.

Jo-ey Tang enacts the circulation and absence of images and objects, as well as the life cycle of ideas. The work takes on various forms of photography, video, sculpture, painting, sound, text and “self-assigned tasks”, spans over many exhibitions and is often seen as both the same and new work, in a constant process of building up and cancelling out. The publication was awarded first prize in the ROOKIE competition (June 2012,, organised by City Gallery Arsenal, Poznań and Morava Publishing House.

The booklet comes in a hardback cover with 64 unpaginated pages and is offset printed in a circulation of 350 copies.


Milton Glaser, Dylan (1966, offset)
Collection of Art Publications

The story of this poster, which was an insert on Dylan's 1967 album Bob Dylan's Greatest Hits, goes as follows. After suffering serious injuries in a motorcycle accident in 1966, the singer-songwriter Bob Dylan was bedridden and rumoured to be dead. To generate positive publicity for his forthcoming album Bob Dylan's Greatest Hits, CBS Records commissioned Milton Glaser to design a special poster to be included with the album. Glaser depicted the singer in profile, with his abundant curly hair rendered in saturated colours that stand out from the background. The intense, almost psychedelic colours can also be seen as the spirit of the time and the flower power generation from the second half of the 1960s.


Photo: Jaka Babnik. MGLC Archive.

International Museum Day at MGLC

Tuesday, 18 May, 10.00-21.00
free of charge

You are invited to view and join in the following exhibitions and events!

Invader, Prints on Paper
The exhibition is on view at Tivoli Mansion

Guided tour of the exhibition: Prints on Paper, conducted by Mitja Velikonja, PhD
To take part in the guided tour, bookings must be made at:

Sonja Vulpes, Limbo
The exhibition is on view at Tivoli Mansion

We have prepared a short film about the artist's creative process.

The Stojan Batič Memorial Studio
Permanent display at Švicarija

Brane Zorman: The Spirit of the Trees | Touch
In front of Švicarija


Photo: Urška Boljkovac. MGLC Archive.