The Ljubljana Biennial of Graphic Arts Through The Poster
6 August − 3 December 2015
NLB Gallery Avla
opening 6 August 11 a. m.
Nowadays, as we are surrounded by images and messages displayed on various media, the poster, as the oldest form of visual communication, has already been pushed aside. The history of the poster is closely connected with invention and development of print and it flourished with development of industrial and consumerist society. The poster, which conveys cultural and artistic messages, reached its peak at the turn of the 20th century. Today such a poster is more than anything else a collectable and it no longer pursues its basic mission, which is attracting crowds to arts and culture events. Now collections of posters make it possible for us to follow and interpret cultural and historical events.
The Ljubljana Biennial of Graphic Arts is an event that has chosen not to abandon the poster, even though the organiser is fully aware of its value, which is now somewhat cultural and historical rather than communicational. An overview of the Biennial through its posters is at the same time an overview of historical developments, tastes over time, and also the development of local graphic design.
This year it has been 60 years since the 1st international graphic exhibition was organised under the baton of a nine-member Organisation Committee, presided by France Stele. Secretary General at the time was Zoran Kržišnik, who later became its spiritual leader. It is evident from the minutes of the Organisation Committee that they set the framework and structure of the exhibition, criteria and technical rules for the exhibitors and the scope of visual communications to accompany the exhibition. At their second meeting they decided that a bilingual catalogue and poster would come along with the exhibition. Riko Debenjak started working on the poster, and a wood engraving Dance of Kurent, carnival figures from Ptuj, made by France Mihelič, was later selected as its leading graphic. It was printed in 500 copies and a Pablo Picasso’s graphic found its way to the cover of the catalogue due to the set of circumstances at the time. (Picasso's graphics arrived at the exhibition at the last moment, when the catalogue was already placed in the press, so the Committee decided at its 12th meeting to put a reproduction of a Picasso’s graphic on the cover, which was initially supposed to feature a graphic by Miha Maleš.)
From the first to the eighth international graphic arts exhibition, the process of making a poster was based on an invitation sent out to the artists to outline it. Ivan Picelj’s poster for the 5th international exhibition most likely broke with tradition because it was so different from previous posters. It was no longer a reproduction of an artwork laced with typography of letters, but a contemporary graphic design transmitting visual communication about this particular art event. Next year the Committee invited Jože Brumen to participate and the way he saw the visual image of the entire exhibition was so elemental, that he created both the poster and the catalogue cover (by reproducing a Riko Debenjak), and he also made a logotype by building upon the design of the previous Picelj’s posters. Since 1969 the poster and the cover of the catalogue represented a part of the Biennial design, which was practically always based on a concrete graphic arts collection, and after 1975 on a graphic of one of the award-winning artists from the previous Biennial. After 1971 the Biennial posters were therefore based on graphics by Janez Bernik, Adriana Maraž, Tetsuya Noda, Andrej Jemec, Lojze Logar, Dan Allison, Günther Uecker and other. This convention was interrupted by the 24th International Biennial of Graphic Arts in the new millennium, which revived the exhibition by challenging its structure, internal organisation, relations with the local and international public and the performance of the curator, and also by bringing a new promotional approach with new designs and tools unifying the visual identity of this event. Same as the difference in the concept of future Biennials, a constantly changing design by a different designers or a group of designers who were allowed to use visuals as they saw fit has also become its regular feature. Art graphics as the basis for visual communication has disappeared from the poster, replaced by graphic elements composing the visual identity of each upcoming event.
mag. Breda Škrjanec
CALL FOR APPLICATIONS FOR VISUAL ARTISTS AT THE ŠVICARIJA CREATIVE CENTRE
The Švicarija Creative Centre and MGLC are looking for a visual artist, who will attend a one-month residency programme in Ljubljana. The candidate we are seeking ideally works across different mediums and genres, touches upon the notions of “community, nature and art” in their work, and/or whose practice is focused on the themes of social engagement, right to information and/or independent journalism.
Call for applications - full text
The deadline for applications is 18 February 2019.
The period of the residency is 1–30 November 2019.
+386 (0)30 708 469
CALL FOR APPLICATIONS FOR ART CRITICS / CULTURAL JOURNALISTS AT THE Švicarija Creative Centre
Švicarija Creative Centre and MGLC Ljubljana are looking for an art critic or cultural journalist, who is active in writing and publishing reviews and/or other forms of art writing in an international context. We are therefore aiming to host a critic or journalist, who has an interest in the vibrant art scene of Ljubljana and who is able to produce at least two (2) pieces of writing (reviews, interviews, columns, etc.) on selected artworks or art events in Ljubljana over the course of the residency. The articles are to be published in the English language in a relevant magazine (printed or online), radio, television or personal blog. We will select the candidate, who will provide the best possible outreach for the articles produced during the one-month “critic in residency” period in Ljubljana.
Call for applications - full text
Deadline for applications is 18 February 2019.
The period of the residency is 1–31 October 2019.
+386 (0)30 708 469
Foto: Jaka Babnik. Arhiv MGLC.
Call for applications for an artist residency in Norway
MGLC/Švicarija Creative Centre and NKD/Nordic Artists’ Centre Dale are publishing a call for submissions for an artist residency in Norway in 2019.
On the basis of an inter-institutional exchange between the Švicarija Creative Centre (MGLC, Ljubljana) and the NKD Dale artist-in-residence centre (Dale, Norway), we invite visual and/or intermedia artists from Slovenia, or those that live and work here, to apply for an artist residency in Norway. The selected artist will take part in a two-month artist residency at the NKD Dale artist-in-residence centre, which operates under the auspices of the Norwegian Ministry of Culture. As part of the reciprocal exchange of residency artists between MGLC, Ljubljana and NKD Dale, a selected Norwegian artist will be staying at the residence in Ljubljana during the summer months, while an artist from Slovenia will take up their residency in Norway.
Entire call for submissions
The deadline for applications is 11 February 2019!
In all Directions
performance at the exhibition Fair Game
Sunday, February 17, at 4 pm
The Korean dancer Yong Min Cho will carry out a dance intervention at the Fair Game exhibition based on the language of the body, setting up and articulating unusual and new trajectories among the individual artworks. Nathalie Du Pasquier has designed and selected some of the accessories that will be used in the performance by Yong Min Cho. These include graphic pieces reminiscent of road signs. And it is precisely these signs that have inspired the title Tutte le Direzioni – taken from an Italian road sign, which indicates the way leading in all directions.
Yong Min Cho: Other Objects,
performance at the exhibition by Nathalie Du Pasquier, Other Rooms
(Camden Arts Center: September 2017 - January 2018). Photo by: Camden Arts Centre.
Guided tour with Kate Sutton, the curator of the exhibition
Tuesday, 26 February at 5 pm
Photo: Urška Boljkovac. MGLC Archive.
NATHALIE DU PASQUIER, FAIR GAME
30. 11. 2018–3. 3. 2019
Nathalie Du Pasquier’s compositions transform the interiors of the International Centre of Graphic Arts into a series of immersive microenvironments, sampling from over three decades of the artist’s paintings, prints, drawings and murals, as well as a new series of silkscreen prints, which was produced precisely in the screen-printing studio of the International Centre of Graphic Arts in Ljubljana.
Du Pasquier first made her name with vibrant, eye-catching graphics and textile prints shaped by the artist’s eclectic influences, boundless imagination and impulse towards experimentation. Since the late 1980s, she has focused primarily on painting, building up a tremendous body of work, much of which has yet to be exhibited publicly. Fair Game shuns a chronological ordering in favor of forging more intuitive formal affinities between the various series. Assorted elements or objects appear and reappear in different compositional configurations, like a card in a deck that takes on new powers and limitations with each hand dealt. This visual vocabulary is distilled in a new series of silkscreen printed modules – or as the artist calls it, “virtual furniture.”
Curator of the exhibition is Kate Sutton.
ACCOMPANYING PROGRAMME TO THE EXHIBITION
Nathalie Du Pasquier: Mensola piena, 2011, oil on canvas.
THE LAST GUIDED TOUR OF THE EXHIBITION MILTON GLASER, POSTERS
Tuesday, February 19, at 5.30 pm
(in Slovene at 5 pm)
admission is free
Conducted by Gregor Dražil, Museum Information Officer.
Milton Glaser: I Love NY More Than Ever, 2001.
MILTON GLASER, POSTERS
23. 11. 2018–3. 3. 2019
Milton Glaser (1929, New York) is one of most important graphic designers in the world, who has designed hundreds of corporate images, magazines, newspapers, books, LP covers, and has created thousands of posters during his career spanning over fifty years. He has been inscribed into the world history of design with his iconic “I love NY” logo. Milton Glaser has decided to donate thirty-five original posters (created between 1966 and 2016) to the City of Ljubljana, which will enrich the collection of the International Centre of Graphic Arts after the exhibition.
A special thanks on the occasion of the exhibition goes to Mirko Ilić, who came up with the idea for the donation in 2017, when he was hosted at the Festival of Tolerance as a lecturer and the author of the TOLERANCE exhibition. The show is organised every year by Mini teater and the Ljubljana Jewish Cultural Centre with the support of the City of Ljubljana (MOL).
Accompanying Programme to the Exhibition
Milton Glaser, Posters, 2018.